Words and Pictures in Instruction

Educational research has shown that the use of words and pictures in instruction significantly enhances both learning retention and learning transfer.  Activating dual coding seems to be key.   Using only pictures yielded the least learning retention and transfer and using only text was second in showing  learning increases.  (Moreno & Valdez, 2005).  Cognitive Load and Learning Effects of Having Students Organize Pictures and Words in Multimedia Environments: The Role of Student Interactivity and Feedback  Roxana Moreno,  Alfred Valdez  ETR&D, Vol. 53, No. 3, 2005, pp. 35-45 ISSN 1042-1629

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