Combining and converging the classic with new media for instructional design today.
Events of Instruction Examples, Explanations
1. Gain Attention–Lights, sound, color, pictures, dramatic examples, questioning, etc.
2. Inform learner of objective– State or list all objectives using audio and text, on presentation slide, at beginning of web course, video, etc.
3. Stimulate recall of related learning– Give purpose of instruction and relate to assignment
4. Present the material– Use appropriate instructional presentation strategy, i.e., recorded/live lecture, video with diagram, flow chart, or modeled behavior, etc.
5. Provide learning guidance– Stop and point out important steps, provide video of process, elicit examples, use bulleted statements, show a variety of situations, summarize and repeat.
6. Elicit the performance–Question on specifics, provide exercises, worksheets. Get volunteers to try it out. Have pairs critique each other; request video of performance.
7. Provide feedback on performance Be specific and note both positive and negative performances. Don’t just generalize.
8. Assess the performance– Checklists, informal questioning, performance, products, short tests and reviews
9. Provide aid for retention and transfer — Summarize in different presentation formats. Provide real examples. Combine: OJT with classroom and the reverse. Provide job aids and refreshers and updates. Elicit questions. Provide your own questions and answers.