Recently saw a question in one of the list serv’s asking what the difference is between instructional design and learning design. For me it is easy to address this because I believe learning takes place internally within the learner and the best methodology that learners can use is usually a form of metacognition. When learners think about their learning and practice reflection they can increase the effectiveness of their learning. Instructional design is based on knowing that learners need to be in charge of the learning and that there are many different ways to learn. For this reason, instruction needs to focus on the delivery and on alternative means of both delivery and assessment. Instructional design is not learning design.