Visual presentations, learning styles, undergraduate engineering students

Great Methodology and Explanations in Research Study on Visual Learning Styles and Strategies
Volume 19, Number 1, 2017 © WIETE 2017 Global Journal of Engineering Education 24

“Learners with diverse backgrounds and experiences have different ways of learning that they prefer. For example, when learning new knowledge and skills, some learners prefer to see pictures and diagrams, whilst other learners prefer to listen to instructors’ verbal explanations. Most learners have multiple preferences. The different preferences are called learning styles. In past decades, a wide variety of theories or models regarding learning styles have been developed [7-11]. For instance, Kolb developed an experiential learning model based on four categories of learning styles,including diverging (concrete and reflective), assimilating (abstract and reflective), converging (abstract and active), and accommodating (concrete and active) [7]. Extensive research evidence has shown that optimal learning outcomes would be achieved when a learner’s learning styles and an instructor’s teaching styles match with each other [7-11]. According to Felder …it is important not to determine each student’s learning style and then teach to it exclusively, but to teach around the learning cycle [12]. This calls for educators to have a balanced approach from both sides of the same dimension.”
Ning Fang†, Mohd F. bin Daud‡, Syed A.H. Al Haddad‡ & Khairiyah Mohd-Yusof‡
Utah State University, Logan, United States of America†
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia‡


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