While perusing an article about how self-regulated learning is affected when learning with text and pictures (British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017), I came across the term EMME, Eye Movement Modelling Examples. New to me, I used Google Scholar to look into this term. Since my oldest is a 4th year medical student, the use of EMME to improve medical education increased my interest. (September 2012, Volume 40, Issue 5, pp 813–827 Instructional Science, Conveying clinical reasoning based on visual observation via eye-movement modelling examples.) Improvements to medical school education that highlight strategies outside of the memorization and recall model are greatly needed., Theorizing and researching levels of processing in self-regulated learning,
Moreover, when testing the students’ clinical reasoning skills with videos of new patient cases without any guidance, participants studying EMMEs with a spotlight showed improved their visual search and enhanced interpretation performance of the symptoms in contrast to participants in either the circle or the control condition. These findings show that a spotlight EMME can successfully convey clinical reasoning based on visual observations.
The fact that these methodologies are being used in various content fields exemplify the extent that research into visual learning and multi-media learning is expanding to the benefit of many.