Animation as an Instructional Designer’s Tool

Abstract of new chapter by Richard Mayer (2017) in the edited book:   Learning from Dynamic Visualization  Eds. Richard Lowe (1)  Rolf Ploetzner (2)     pp379-386

New Instructional Design Strategies:

  1. Visual signaling,
  2. orientation references for 3D objects,
  3. active learning strategies,
  4. organization
Date: 19 May 2017

“Animation can be a useful addition to the instructional designer’s toolbox, but techniques are needed to help guide learners’ cognitive processing during learning with animations. One technique is to add instructional design features intended to guide learners’ cognitive processing, such as adding visual signaling to guide how the learner selects and organizes material from animations depicting how a dynamic system works (e.g., De Koning & Jarodzka, 2017, this volume) or adding orientation references intended to guide how the learner selects what to attend to in animations of three-dimensional objects (e.g., Berney & Betrancourt, 2017, this volume). Another technique is to prompt the learner to use active learning strategies intended to guide how the learner selects and organizes material from the animation, such as asking the learner to produce drawings based on an animated lesson (e.g., Lowe & Mason, 2017, this volume; Stieff, 2017, this volume) or answer questions (e.g., Ploetzner & Breyer, 2017, this volume). Overall, the chapters in Parts III and IV of this volume examine how to help learners process instructional animations in ways that lead to useful learning outcomes.”

Other chapters in the book look equally helpful for instructional designers.

DynViz“The volume has recruited international leaders in the field to provide diverse perspectives on the dynamic visualizations and learning. It is the first comprehensive book on the topic that brings together contributions from both renowned researchers and expert practitioners. Rather than aiming to present a broad general overview of the field, it focuses on innovative work that is at the cutting edge.”   About this book,  http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319562025?wt_mc=ThirdParty.SpringerLink.3.EPR653.About_eBook

Fun for students, encourages research

This article explains how to use some free apps and pictures of scientists, authors, historical figures, etc., and have students script information about them.   The free apps allow the recording of the scripts using their own voice or the voice of their choosing and then animating a still photograph so that it appears to be speaking the words.   Students would pick up numerous skills and facts in this assignment and probably have quite a bit of fun.  Engaging way to research and report.

J Microbiol Biol Educ. 2017 Apr; 18(1): 18.1.90.
Published online 2017 Apr 21. doi:  10.1128/jmbe.v18i1.1228
Photo Animation Brings Scientists Back to Life in the Classroom

Animation in Stem courses

This research report is available in full online.
The researchers used a quasi-expermental design with three groups.   They tested for various demographic variables within the groups and there were no differences.  The two experimental groups had significantly higher scores in the subject matter tested.  Nice links to 24 free animations from the North Dakota State University.   The virtual cell animation collection Available to download to mobile devices.  Also downloads with captions are available on the website.
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“The instructional animation used in this study was entitled “ATP Synthase (Gradients)” and is a part of the Virtual Cell Animation Collection (NSF awards: 0086142, 0618766, and 0918955). This set of multimedia resources was developed using the research-based principles of multimedia design (4950), and they are free to use for both instructors and students.  The Virtual Cell Animation Collection currently consists of 24 animations available for either streaming or downloading in multiple formats from the project’s website (http://vcell.ndsu.edu/animations/).
J Microbiol Biol Educ. 2017 Apr; 18(1): 18.1.50.
Published online 2017 Apr 21. doi:  10.1128/jmbe.v18i1.1223
Learning about Chemiosmosis and ATP Synthesis with Animations Outside of the Classroom

Main topic, animation and learning

Good open access article explaining the research on using animations for instruction with significant results in physiology for the experimental groups.  Study took place at an army medical college and used McGraw Hill medical animations.Image 2017-05-18 at 12.35.49 PM

EFFECT OF COMPUTER BASED ANIMATIONS ON LEARNING OF PHYSIOLOGY Muhammad Alamgir Khan, Irfan Shukr, Sohail Sabir*, Khadija Qamar Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

Innovate Impact

Tomorrow I will be attending Innovate Impact at Ohio State University and hope to hear the latest in instructional design methods and the use of animation and visuals to improve instructional design strategies.

$DuoFinances

“With Impact as our theme for 2017, we’re sharing innovations that let educators re-imagine their instruction without sacrificing pedagogical quality and rigor. It’s fun to experiment and enjoy the novelty of cutting edge technologies, but we’re always looking at the way that technology has a positive impact on our students, instructor best practices, the educational community and beyond.

Innovate is a time for bringing people together across disciplines and across adoption barriers. The conference is built with the educator in mind: you don’t have to be tech savvy to fully participate in this day of presentations, demonstrations and valuable dialog.

 

Multimedia plus Flipped Classroom

In a flipped classroom trial, chemistry students passed at at 85% rate as opposed to 35 to 60% rate.  This lectureless hybrid used iClickers for quizzing during the class portion and used “a set of short instructor-made videos, podcasts, an online homework system and  WordPress website. …They found that students watched videos multiple times and even rewound and slowed the speed in order to master the relevant points.”

https://www.insidehighered.com/digital-learning/article/2017/05/10/trial-and-error-lehman-and-hunter-colleges-boost-chemistry?utm_source=Inside+Higher+Ed&utm_campaign=05719427cb-IDL20170419&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_1fcbc04421-05719427cb-198669569&mc_cid=05719427cb&mc_eid=86c8d61bb0